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HARN welcomes a new member

October 26, 2022

Sam Holley-Kline is a Dean’s Postdoctoral Scholar in the Department of History at Florida State University. He studies the politics and history of archaeology in Mexico after the Revolution of 1910, with thematic interests in materiality, extractivism, and indigeneity. He received his PhD and MA in anthropology from Stanford University, and holds a BA in Spanish and Anthropology from DePauw University. Holley-Kline’s research has been published in Archaeologies, Complutum, Archaeological Dialogues, and the Journal of Field Archaeology, and has been supported by Fulbright-IIE, Fulbright-Hays, and Wenner-Gren grants.

Welcome Sam!

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Call for Papers

October 21, 2022

Hello everybody,

This call for papers for the Bulletin of the History of Archaeology comes from HARN member Sam Holley-Kline. Thank you Sam!

Good day, Jonathan

Special Issue: Histories of Labor in Archaeology

Archaeology is work. The products of this work—from artifacts and ecofacts to reports and publications—depend on the physical labor of employees, students, volunteers, and communities (local, descendant, and/or Indigenous). These workers’ participation in the archaeological process generally remains implicit, unacknowledged, or silenced. 

Recent scholarship, however, valorizes workers’ knowledge and explores how to incorporate worker perspectives on archaeological sites. Other work builds on the foundations of Indigenous archaeology, incorporating workers as stakeholders in the interpretation of the past. However, archaeological labor is rarely studied in its specificity. 

For this special issue of the Bulletin of the History of Archaeology, we solicit papers that focus on archaeological labor and laborers in historical perspective. We are interested in addressing questions that include, but are not limited to:

How has labor been acknowledged—or silenced—in past archaeological projects? With what effects?

How have dynamics of age, race, class, disability, gender and other dimensions of identity intersected with workers’ participation in past archaeological projects?

How have workers organized themselves and/or unionized? Around what issues? To what ends, and with what results?

How have labor conditions including—but not limited to—training procedures, payment, safety, legal systems, and worker management impacted the production of archaeological knowledge?

What cultural productions have developed around archaeological labor?

What theoretical perspectives and methods enrich the study of archaeological labor in historical context?

We are especially—but not exclusively—interested in work by contingent scholars, early-career researchers, and authors from the Global South, with diverse regions of study. The journal will work with the authors to source institutional funding. Waivers are available for authors without institutional funding.

Interested authors may submit abstracts of up to 500 words by November 15th, 2022. Abstracts should be submitted via the Bulletin of the History of Archaeology site. Those selected for the issue will be notified in early 2023, and full papers will be due by April 1st, 2023. For more information, or to discuss potential contributions, please contact Sam Holley-Kline (shk@umd.edu) and/or Allison Mickel (ajm717@lehigh.edu).

Annual Reports of the Institute of Archaeology

September 29, 2022

This has come in from HARN member, and librarian of the Institute of Archaeology Library, UCL, Katie Meheux.

The ‘Annual Reports of the Institute of Archaeology’ (1937-1958) are now available online as open access.

https://ucl.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/discovery/fulldisplay?

This project has been done by the IOA Library in association with the IOA Publications Committee and funding from UCL Special Collections (Libraries, Collections, Culture and Open Science). The Annual Report is a key resource for the history of the Institute of Archaeology and I receive regular queries and requests for digital copies of its contents from researchers into the history of archaeology worldwide. Any questions, happy to help.

Thank you very much Katie!

Best,

Jonathan

Pamela Jane Smith leaving Cambridge Garden Party

September 9, 2022

Hello all,

As most of you will know, Pamela Jane Smith is the founder and Honorary President of HARN. She will shortly be leaving the UK for Canada, and sends us the below message. We wish her well in her future endeavours. Pamela writes:

You are all invited to my Leaving-Cambridge-for-Canada Garden Party, Sunday afternoon, 2 October, in the lovely large gardens of the Cambridge Ancient India and Iran Trust. Nigerian lunch will be served, English Afternoon Tea at 3pm, Canadian beer and snacks throughout, a puppet show for the children, music performed by guests from Igboland. I’ll organize a reunion of HARN Members on the day; I would be delighted to see you all! 

There is also a reception at the McDonald Institute in Cambridge on Monday, 3rd Oct and I look forward to welcoming you to both occasions.

I invite you to use the collections I recently placed in the Cambridge University Library. 

Thurstan’s papers on the history of African research.

https://archivesearch.lib.cam.ac.uk/repositories/2/resources/10

My personal Dorothy Garrod archive 

Attached is the Garrod inventory for additional archives. If you would like a copy of an item, let me know.

Then there are Nancy’s papers I placed in the UL as part of my “Women as Agents of Change interview series”. 

Jonathan, on behalf of the HARN administrators.

Explorers’ Club 50

May 12, 2022

Dear Colleagues,

Join us in congratulating HARN administrator Alicia Colson in being
recognised as one of the Explorers Club 50. The award recognises her
contribution to the furtherance of knowledge and exploration in an area
which is less well studied than others. The award highlights her study of
pictographs in collaboration with First Nation Elders in northwestern
Ontario, Canada. Alicia has also been involved in fieldwork in Namibia,
and Iceland, and has recently published ‘From Banishment to Cool’ an
ESRI-StoryMap of the Archipelago of Santa Catarina, Brazil
(https://arcg.is/0e8nPC). She plans to visit the Canadian Subarctic
English River area. You can read about her achievement, and those of her
fellow 49 nominees, here:
https://www.explorers.org/the-explorers-club-50/

Best wishes,

Jonty, Monica and Kemal

Beyond Notability

February 6, 2022

Dear Colleagues and Friends,

Beyond Notability is a new project which looks to investigate the participation of women in archaeology, history, heritage and the wider intellectual networks of Britain from the 1870s-1950s. Co-ordinated by Katherine Harloe, James Baker and HARN stalwart Amara Thornton, the aim is to produce new understandings of the contribution of women to knowledge of the past, as revealed by the archives of the Society of Antiquaries of London and the Royal Archaeological Institute.  Please feel free to have a look at their database,  introduced in this blog post: http://beyondnotability.org/database/introducing-our-database/, and their email is beyondnotability@gmail.com.  More on the project can be found on their website here:  Beyond Notability – Re-evaluating Women’s Work in Archaeology, History, and Heritage in Britain, 1870 – 1950

Yours sincerely,

Jonathan Trigg and the HARN Administrators

Book Review

December 22, 2021

Dear HARNers,

We are very happy to be able to send you, just in time for Christmas, what looks like an excellent volume! Remember, please feel free to get in touch with us if you have any recommendations for book reviews, or indeed anything else that you would like to publicise, publish or propogate through our blog!

Very happy holidays,

Jonty Trigg

Book Review: ‘Olga Tufnell’s ‘Perfect Journey’: Letters and Photographs of an Archaeologist in the Levant and Mediterranean. Edited and Introduced by John D. M. Green and Ros Henry’. 

London: UCL Press, 2021, 416pp (ISBN 978-1-78735-905-5. RRP: HB £50, PB £30, OA Download £0)

Anna Garnett

Our understanding of early scientific excavations, and our knowledge of those who worked on them, would be significantly poorer without archaeological archives. This volume presents the story of the archaeologist Olga Tufnell (1905–1985) through her rich personal archive, showing the endless potential of this material. These documents, including letters, notes, doodles, and photographs, are drawn largely from the Palestine Exploration Fund archives and shed light on the lives, and work, of key characters in the late 19th and early 20th century archaeological world. 

While her story has not been recognised as prominently as those of other early 20th century female archaeologists, Tufnell had a significant impact on the field and helped to make archaeology a better place for women to work. Born into privilege in Great Waltham, Essex, with little formal education, Tufnell’s family connections with Flinders and Hilda Petrie set her up as the Assistant Secretary to the British School of Archaeology in Egypt in 1922. As part of this role, Tufnell helped the Petries with their annual exhibitions, gaining first-hand experience of archaeological finds. When Flinders Petrie sought a team to complete his work copying reliefs at the site of Qau el-Kebir in Egypt in 1927, and then move on afterwards to join his main expedition in Palestine at Tell Farah, he recruited Tufnell to this task which ignited her long archaeological career. 

Over many years, Tufnell worked across sites in Egypt, Cyprus, and particularly Palestine, where she worked during the British Mandate Period following the First World War and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Despite seeing herself as an amateur archaeologist—describing the way she picked up techniques as she went along as ‘the blind leading the blind’—Tufnell became a significant contributor to the field and achieved the professional archaeological standards of the day. Tufnell was a prolific letter writer during her excavation seasons, and she kept her family properly informed of the details of her experiences: from encounters with local people, to the technical details of the archaeological sites, to the folk traditions she observed during her travels. 

The chapters of the book focus on letters written from the different sites where Tufnell worked, beginning with Qau el-Kebir and ending with her time at Tell ed-Duweir (ancient Lachish) during 1936–38. Tufnell’s social and professional networks included archaeologists, colonial officials, and academics, and her letters hold great potential for a future detailed biographical study of connections in these countries during this period. Her letters also indicate the many nationalities and different occupations of the people she travelled alongside, which will be of interest to those studying the history of tourism in this region during the 1920s and 1930s: the ‘new mobility era’ during the inter-war period.  

Tufnell describes her trips as a ‘perfect journey’ on several occasions in her letters, clearly indicating her enthusiasm for her work; an approach which must have left a positive impression on those around her (and continues to do so for the reader today). In his reminiscences of working with Tufnell at Nimrud in 1955, Robert Hamilton describes these qualities: 

‘Olga is an admirable woman, very unselfish and kind; rather solemn about potsherds and archaeology, but quite ready to laugh at other things, and always being as nice as possible to everyone, including the horrid little cat we had for a time…’ 

This volume is beautifully illustrated with colour and greyscale images and line drawings, and each chapter provides relevant bibliography for further reading. Biographical and place indexes will also undoubtedly prove vital to the reader, as will the detailed list of principal persons at the start of the book. Importantly, this volume is also freely available through Open Access which is very welcome. The rich detail and personal reflections in these letters provide crucial insight into one of the most important periods in the history of archaeology, which will be of equal interest to scholarly readers, students, and to those with a general interest in this subject. 

Cabinet of Natural History

November 29, 2021

The following comes from Pamela Jane Smith, one of our founder members:

  This term’s last Cabinet of Natural History seminar will take place
on Monday, November 29th at 1pm on Zoom [1]. Elizabeth Yale (University
of Iowa) will present:

  Tender Curiosities: Natural History and Gendered Knowledge-Craft at
Country Houses, Counting Houses, and Royal African Company Factories

  In Britain in the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries, households
were key sites for developing scientific, medical, and other forms of
learned knowledge. At the same time, Britons collected natural
historical and medical know-how—and materials—as part of the
trans-Atlantic trade in spices, sugar, luxury goods, and enslaved West
African laborers. Yet how were households connected to Royal African
Company ships, merchants’ offices, and coastal African slave factories
in networks of knowledge and mercantile profit? One way, I argue, is
through women’s paper keeping activities. In learned households, women
recorded experimental results and observations; managed correspondence;
archived and preserved papers; translated scientific texts; took and
maintained reading notes; and edited, authenticated, and published
scientific books. They generated records that transited between
households and public institutions, between learned, medical, and
mercantile users, accruing different kinds of value in different hands.
In reading these records closely, we see how early modern Britons—both
men and women—sought out and built on West African and indigenous
Caribbean botanical and medical knowledge even while erasing enslaved
and free Africans and indigenous people as knowers.

 Join us on Zoom

https://cam-ac-uk.zoom.us/j/94589740426?pwd=THltWjVxNDkzcGVrTm0vMWppUWVlQT09

  Meeting ID: 945 8974 0426
  Passcode: 115508

Addenda

September 26, 2021

For some reason, the illustrations for Tim’s post were not copied into the post I just sent. Here is the Punch cartoon, and the 1891 self portrait. Blame the administrator (JT) not the blogger!! Or think of it as two posts for one.

Lord Avebury

September 26, 2021

Dear HARN members,

Professor Tim Murray has been kind enough to supply a blog post about John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury. We are sure that you will enjoy it – I know I did!

Unexpected Connections: Sir John Lubbock  and Linley Sanborne*

I am sure that many readers of and contributors to HARN have experienced the great pleasure  of hunting historical rabbits down holes, and then discovering yet more additions to the long list of ‘truths being stranger than fiction’.

This blog very briefly recounts the outcomes of one current hunt, well really the outcomes of a very long-standing inquiry into the activities of Sir John Lubbock (afterwards Lord Avebury), that has more recently expanded to include the work of Victoria cartoonist Linley Sanbourne, and even more recently the legacy of the late Lord Snowdon (previously Tony Armstrong-Jones), who was Sanbourne’s great grandson. I have already written in Antiquity about the connection between Lubbock and the illustrator Ernest Griset as an example of new strategies for communicating the importance of research into deep human history. This brief exposition of  the Lubbock/Sanborne connection  considers aspects of Lubbock’s celebrity in Victorian England.

In March 2015 my colleague Penny Crook wrote to me  from London enthusing about the  house museum at 18 Stafford Terrace in Kensington, known as the Linley Sanborne House. There was much to celebtrate with its rich décor of William Morris wallpapers, displays of not particularly high quality Chinese porcelains, and a strikingly consistent display of the very cluttered materiality of late 19th century Victorian aestheticism. Given her research interests,  Penny’s focus was on the material culture of the house rather than on the life of its most famous occupant. Some years later I was able to find the time to visit the house museum myself and draw the connection between the cartoonist who drew Lubbock as a bee, and 18 Stafford Terrace.

The Lubbock Cartoon

Sir John Lubbock. Punch’s Fancy Portraits No. 97

Between 1880 and 1889, cartoonist Linley Sanbourne contributed almost 200 cartoons of contemporary celebrities to the London magazine Punch, in a format titled ‘Fancy Portraits’. Sanbourne’s work in this context encompassed many of the important soldiers, artists, scientists, politicians of Victorian society (such as Matthew Arnold, Tennyson and  Sir Joseph Bazalgette) , along with some international celebrities (such as the Empress of Austria, Phineas T. Barnum,  Sarah Bernhardt and – memorably – Cecil Rhodes).

These images were in pen and ink and often linked with some silly or ironic captions. The Lubbock image celebrates his work as a banker as well as his great skill as an entomologist. Readers will be aware of the extensive literature discussing the many elements of Lubbock’s working life as a Victorian intellectual -spanning politics, banking, social reform, archaeology, anthropology and of course entomology. Sanbourne (and others) were particularly impressed by Lubbock’s industry (like the bee) and his commitment to the value of ‘well spent leisure’ in socially responsible ways. Of course, given Sanbourne’s somewhat ‘exotic’ personal life, there is possibly just a bit of irony  in all of this!  I have not yet been able to locate any evidence of Lubbock’s response to this pretty gentle mischief.

Edward Linley Sanborne

1891  self-portrait

Edward Linley Sanbourne (1844-1910) was a middle class Londoner, most famous for his long-running association with the London satirical magazine Punch. Sanbourne  worked there as a cartoonist and illustrator from the late 1860s until his death. As was common at the time Sanbourne took private commissions as an illustrator, especially for books, magazine covers, and advertisements. While never rich, Sanbourne and his family lived comfortably in Kensington I think largely due to the wealth of his wife Marion. He purchased 18 Stafford Terrace in 1875 and lived with his family  there until his death.  A visit to the house includes a short video presentation by the late Lord  Snowdon.

Sanbourne was a collector as well as an artist but, unlike many of his friends,  his financial circumstances prohibited him from purchasing high quality Chinese porcelains and other ceramic items. Nonetheless 18 Stafford Terrace contains a cornucopia the key elements  of late Victorian décor. All of this is interesting in its own terms, but a visit to the house allows us to get a bit closer to the more ‘hidden’ aspects of Sanbourne’s life – especially his interest in photography. From the mid 1880s Sanbourne began to embrace photography as an aide to his work as an illustrator. All well and good, but things seem to have gone a bit further than that. The guides at 18 Stafford Terrace have many stories to tell about Sanbourne’s habit of taking photographs of women, and some of the local schoolgirls,  in the street, using a camera that focused at right angles to where it was pointed! Its very hard to explain the need for such a device other than it facilitating his voyeurism. Nonetheless his street scenes provide a fascinating insight into Edwardian fashion (and hairstyles). Of course all of this is a mere sideshow to the exhibition of some of his MANY images of naked women which are hung in the house. It is understood that Sanbourne  took these while his wife was out of the house. Presumably she was also unaware of  this aspect of his interest in photography. If nothing else the sometimes highly explicit images  prompt yet more discussions of the sexual mores of late Victorian Britain!

This discussion of the Sanborne House leads me to share the experience of a recent ‘virtual’ visit to a new house museum in Cambridge, which dates from much the same period as 18 Stafford Terrace.

The David Parr House

This marvellous evocation of the interior décor created in the  Arts and Crafts style was the work of the decorative David Parr, who bought  186 Gwydir Street, Cambridge in 1886. Unlike Sanbourne, Parr was a very highly skilled tradesman who worked for the local firm F R Leach & Sons. The Colleges (and associated churches and ecclesiastical buildings)  provided a great deal of work for Parr who was able to execute the designs of major figures such as William Morris across Cambridge. Unlike Sanbourne, Parr did his own work at Gwydir Street, and there is at least the possibility that he was able to ‘repurpose’ some of the materials from the ‘day’ jobs to decorate his own abode.

Over next 40 years Parr transformed the interior of an unexceptional house into a jewel of Arts and Crafts décor. It is to our great benefit that Parr’s family kept the interiors intact and the house can be visited today. Due to Covid restrictions the house has been locked down, but but virtual tours are available: https://davidparrhouse.org. Earlier this year I took one and I can thoroughly recommend it.

* The spelling of our cartoonist’s name varies between Sanbourne and Sambourne. They are the same person!

Some useful references

A good general summary of  the range of Lubbock’s activities is:

J.F.M. Clark 2014 John Lubbock, science, and the liberal intellectual.

Notes Rec R Soc Lond.Mar 20; 68(1): 65–87.  Published online 2013 Dec 11. doi: 10.1098/rsnr.2013.0068

An excellent catalogue of Sanbourne’s work for Punch is housed by the University of Heidelberg at the following (very long) URL:

Nicholson, Shirley 1998. A Victorian Household: Based on the Diaries of  Marion Sambourne. Sutton Publishing.ISBN  978-0750918268

Ormond, Leonee 2010. Linley Sanborne: Illustrator and punch cartoonist. Paul Holberton. ISBN 978-1-907372-03-2