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HARN WELCOMES NEW MEMBERS

December 18, 2018

OUR NETWORK IS GROWING AND WE HAVE A NEW MEMBER TO WELCOME:

Christian Mazet, École Pratique des Hautes Études

christian.mazet1@gmail.com

I am a Phd Candidate at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes / PSL University with a research entitled “Prodigieuses créatures. L’hybridité femme-animal en Méditerranée orientalisante(VIIIe -VIe s. av. J.-C.)”. With a transmediterranean dimension, this work aims to evaluate the question of the orientalization of images in the light of a case study, i.e. the female-animal hybrids (winged woman, potnia theron, sphinx, siren, gorgon and other mixanthropic beings), studying their origins, their ways of diffusion, their iconographic experiments and their meanings in various archaeological contexts. During my research, I also specialized in the more specific study of some material productions, including Greek and Etruscan pottery of preclassical period, especially Ionian, Cycladic and Laconian ; Rhodian Orientalizing Jewellery ; Etruscan bronzes of archaic and classical periods.

In parallel with my academic activity, I was from 2014 to 2018 Research Assistant at the Department of Studies and Research of the National Institute of Art History in Paris (INHA) in the field of History of Ancient Art – History of Archeology. I published in 2015 the catalogue of the Etruscan and Italic collection of Antiquities of the Musée Antoine Vivenel in Compiègne (C. Mazet, Le Muséum étrusque d’Antoine Vivenel, Milan-Compiègne, 2015). In this field, my ongoing research focus on History of collections and on the auction sales of Antiquities during the 19th century, especially on Etruscan history of archaeology.

I also take part as a member to field archaeological missions and research projects:
– Since 2017, I am part of the Amykles Research Project (The Archaeological Society at Athens) for the ongoing field excavations of the Sanctuary of Apollo in Amyklai (Sparta). In particular, I study with Adrien Delahaye the Orientalizing and Archaic pottery of the excavations from 2005 until now.
– Since 2017, in collaboration with Paulette Pelletier-Hornby, I study the Etruscan and Italic collection of the Petit Palais, Museum of Fine Arts of the City of Paris.

From November 2018 until June 2019, I am a Visiting Researcher at the École Française de Rome, as a Jean-Walter Zellidja Fellowship owner (Institut de France – Académie Française).

Welcome, Christian, and many thanks for joining our community!

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CfP: First symposium on The History of Mediterranean Archaeology in the Low Countries

December 17, 2018

We’ve been sent the following from Dr Wieke de Neef:

I would like to draw your attention to the first English-language symposium on the History of Mediterranean Archaeology in the Low Countries, to be held 8 March 2019 at the State Museum of Antiquities in Leiden (the Netherlands). 

The symposium will be held on occasion of the 30th anniversary of Tijdschrift voor Mediterrane Archeologie (TMA), a Dutch-language journal edited by student of the University of Groningen. The 30th anniversary is marked by a special edition on the history of Mediterranean archaeology in the Netherlands and Belgium. The publication of the special edition will be accompanied by the English-language symposium in Leiden, where we hope to meet an international audience.

The symposium is organized by Platform Argos, a recently founded group of postgraduate and postdoctoral researchers with an interest in the history of our discipline.

First symposium on
The History of Mediterranean Archaeology in the Low Countries

8 March 2019 – Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Dutch and Belgian archaeologists started fieldwork in the Mediterranean almost a century after Caspar Reuvens became the first archaeology professor and active excavator in the Netherlands. Carl Vollgraff worked in Greece (Argos, Thessaly) from 1902 onwards and in 1905 Jean Capart initiated excavations in Egypt (Sakkara). Only decades later did Mediterranean fieldwork become part of the academic curriculum, in addition to traditional collection studies. By the 1960’s, the field had developed from a few courses on Classical Art into an independent academic discipline, with a dozen university chairs of Classical and Mediterranean Archaeology all over the Low Countries.
This brief overview sparks a range of questions. How did Mediterranean Archaeology develop as an academic discipline in the Netherlands and Belgium? Who were the key players, where did they work, what did they investigate? What were the most important intellectual and methodological currents? How was the archaeology of the Mediterranean related to other disciplines in the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences? What were the similarities and differences in approach and narrative between the Low Countries and their neighbours? What were the differences in research focus and approaches between the Netherlands and Belgium?

This English-language symposium intends to address these questions by bringing together research on the history of archaeology as practiced in the Low Countries in the 19th and 20th centuries. We welcome abstracts from all scholars interested in and working on one of the following topics:
Histories of fieldwork:

  • Reflection on projects: how, why, when did archaeological research projects in the Mediterranean begin? What kind of questions were pivotal at the time? Which method was used, inspired by whom? How did they end?
    Microhistories of fieldwork
    Histories of local perspectives on fieldwork
    Histories of policy around fieldwork (project policies; local politics; university/education policies etc.)
    Alternative fieldwork histories through the lens of methods, techniques, instruments, daily practices or local environments
    Biographies of fieldwork archaeologists (i.e. critical/reflective, non-hagiographic)
    Cultural and social contexts of archaeological projects

Histories of networks:

  • Emergence of archaeological study and museum collections
    Relations with the international archaeological field
    Emergence and disappearance of university chairs

Histories of thought and practice:

  • Histories of theoretical and methodological approaches
    Histories of archaeology (theory, method, narrative) in relation to other disciplines from the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences
    Theoretical and methodological frameworks of individual archaeologists
    The shift from visual analysis of study collections at home to field experience abroad
    The shift from classical to Mediterranean archaeology
    Currents of thought and their relation to dominant international currents
    Currents of thought and their relation to archaeology as practiced in the countries of study

Abstract

Please send a title and abstract of 150 words with your name and affiliation to: info@platformargos.nl. The deadline for sending in abstracts is the 15th of January 2019. We especially encourage early career researchers to apply.

Poster session
A poster session will be held during the symposium. Please let us know before the 1st of March if you wish to bring a poster.

Date & Place
The symposium takes place in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Leemanszaal) in Leiden on the 8th of March 2019.

Publication
The organisation plans to publish the presented papers as a special issue of an international journal, for instance the peer-reviewed Bulletin of the History of Archaeology.

Organisation
The symposium is organised on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of TMA, Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology for the Netherlands and Flanders. Co-organisers are Platform Argos and Rijksmuseum van Oudheden. Platform Argos, initiated in 2016, aims at the historical study of Mediterranean archaeology as practiced by Dutch and Flemish archaeologists, projects, universities and museums (www.platformargos.nl). Rijksmuseum van Oudheden is the national archaeological museum of the Netherlands. The symposium is financially supported by ARCHON, the Dutch inter-university graduate school for Archaeology

Book Review: Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator,

December 13, 2018

Lamb_cover (1)

Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator, by David W. J. Gill, published by Archaeopress, 2018. Paperback (₤30.00) and Ebook (₤16.00), 340pp.

Review by Caroline J. Tully.

Winifred Lamb (1894–1963) was an Aegean and Anatolian archaeologist, an academic, and keeper of Greek and Roman antiquities at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. In both her archaeological fieldwork and her museum curation Lamb was a pioneer. At a time when British women were not customarily engaged in archaeological fieldwork, Lamb excavated at Mycenae under Alan Wace, later becoming the deputy director. In subsequent years she would go on to excavations at Sparta and the mound of Vardaroftsa near Salonica, eventually directing her own excavations at Thermi on Lesbos, on Chios, and at Kusura in western Anatolia. Lamb was also involved in the development of the British Schools at Athens and Ankara.

As keeper of Greek and Roman antiquities at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Lamb filled a position usually given to men. She developed the classical holdings of the museum, and created a new Prehistoric Gallery in which were displayed finds from British work in the Aegean and on Cyprus. Lamb brought the Fitzwilliam’s collection to the attention of an international audience through her publications, particularly two volumes of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. As a result of her wealthy background, she contributed financially to the department, donated many objects to the collection, and encouraged her relatives and contacts to become benefactors.

Gill’s biography situates Lamb in the midst of many famous names from early twentieth century British, American and European archaeology in Greece, and later Anatolia. Alan Wace has already been mentioned, Lamb was also very friendly with John Beazley, she worked with Arthur Woodward, Piet de Jong, Robert Carr Bosanquet, Richard M. Dawkins, consulted Arthur Evans, Percy Gardner, knew Joan Evans, Carl Blegen, Richard Seager, Leonard Woolley, Wilhelm Dörpfeld, John L. Myres, A. B. Cook, Jane Ellen Harrison, James G. Frazer, Vere Gordon Childe, and even Andromache Melas, daughter of Heinrich Schliemann. As well as working amongst what, these days, are considered famous classicists, prehistorians and archaeologists, Lamb also frequented celebrity sites such as Mycenae, where she was assigned the palace, previously excavated by Christos Tsountas in 1886 and re-examined by Gerhart Rodenwaldt in 1914. She was responsible for study and publication of the frescoes, particularly those from the Ramp House which had been excavated by Schliemann in 1876 – surely an archaeological opportunity to be admired and envied.

The book begins with Chapter 1 focusing on the Lamb Family, new moneyed colliers and textile mill owners from the north-east of England and Manchester, and Winifred’s early years. In Chapter 2 the story moves to Cambridge University and the study of Classics, Newnham College, and the beginnings of Lamb’s archaeological fieldwork. Chapter 3 focuses on naval intelligence, looking at Winifred’s work for the Admiralty during the First World War, her assumption of the role of honorary keeper at the Fitzwilliam Museum, important bequests such as the Ricketts and Shannon Collection, and Lamb’s first visit to Greece. In Chapter 4 we hear about her first year in Athens, travels in Greece, and life at the British School. Chapter 5 focuses on prehistory and the Fitzwilliam Museum, examines Lamb’s work at the museum under the directorship of Sydney Cockerell, and the purchase of the controversial Fitzwilliam Goddess, an expensive Minoan marble figurine for the Fitzwilliam Museum that turned out to be a forgery. Chapter 6 focuses on Lamb’s archaeological excavations in Greece and her travels to Turkey. In Chapter 7 we return again to the Fitzwilliam Museum and the development of the classical collections, particularly Greek and Roman bronzes, Greek pottery, classical gems and jewellery, and Etruscan and Italian antiquities. Winifred travels to the Eastern Aegean, Lesbos and Chios in Chapter 8, and in Chapter 9 we hear about her early visits to Anatolia, excavation at Kusara, and research on Anatolian archaeology. Chapter 10 focuses on the period of the Second World War, the fall of Greece and Crete, Lamb’s work in Turkey and at the BBC, and her injury in a German air raid over north London. Chapter 11 concerns the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Lamb’s continuing work at the Fitzwilliam Museum, her role as a benefactor, and her final years and legacy.      

Despite Lamb being involved in exciting archaeological activities, knowing famous scholars, and performing the creative activity of curatorship of interesting and often rare ancient artefacts, Lamb herself does not come across as an interesting subject. Winifred Lamb was obviously intelligent, she did important things, she was a pioneer, but in this biography – which makes copious use of her papers, diaries, letters, photograph albums, reports, and friend May Herford’s diaries – she fails to actually be interesting. The overall impression is of a character in an Enid Blyton story. Although Winifred did many pioneering and adventurous activities, the biography comes across as a story of “the mild adventures of an archaeology student.” This may be because Lamb was wealthy and privileged and therefore did not encounter any adversity that she needed to heroically overcome; however, other archaeologists, such as Arthur Evans, were wealthy. It may be because there is no interesting personal intrigue in the biography. Winifred seems to interact with everyone in a sensible and chaste manner, she does not seem to have deep thoughts, and everything works out well for her, so there is no stimulation of extreme emotional responses in the reader. 

Gill’s biography of Winifred Lamb provides us with everything one would want to know about her and more, but the question is: do we want to know it? Is Winifred Lamb worth knowing about? The answer is, yes, she deserves to be known, but she pales in comparison to other Modernists and their relationship with Hellenism – again, this may be because Winifred comes across as having played it safe. In fact, the most interesting aspects of the book are not about Winifred herself, but about antiquities, the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University, other archaeologists, and the British foreign schools. The book is therefore an important contribution to the histories of British archaeology in Greece and Anatolia, and of the Fitzwilliam Museum. It would certainly be a useful reference for researching the early history of British archaeology in Greece and Anatolia, but as a biography one would not read it for inspiration or pleasure. For someone as unremarkable as Winifred Lamb, it is an extremely long book. I cannot help comparing (possibly unfairly) Lamb’s story with that of Gertrude Bell – also wealthy and privileged – but whose life was characterised by utterly gob-smacking bravery and independence. One could also compare Lamb to Margaret A. Murray, whose legacy continues today in both archaeological and alternative religion circles. Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator is an admirably and minutely researched work of biography but as a character, Winifred Lamb fails to intrigue this reviewer.

 

 

Displaying Egyptomania at the RMO

December 8, 2018

Archaeodeath

Following on by my brief review of the rich and diverse Egyptian mortuary archaeology on display at Leiden’s RMO, I was struck by the detailed attention afforded to Egyptomania as a phenomenon in the collections. In two places, in the permanent Egyptian exhibition, and a fabulous temporary exhibition on Egyptian religion and death, the museums’ collections of 18th-21st-century items inspired by the Western antiquarian and archaeological entanglement with ancient Egypt is explored.

More recently, there are DC cartoons on display, and action figures too.

Moreover, there are a range of products alluding to Egytpian themes in a central display case.

IMG_0654

One is left wondering: where aren’t Egyptian themes present and sanctioned in Western popular culture, and which Egyptian themes are most prominent in the context of this bewildering variety? The ancient Egypt we inherit is distorted in multiple fashions, including seemingly by enhancing its mortuary, cultic and supernatural allusions…

View original post 87 more words

Displaying the Egyptian Dead: the Mortuary Archaeology of Egypt at the RMO

December 8, 2018

Archaeodeath

Before the early medieval cremation workshop, I arrived in Leiden and had 2 hours before closing time on Wednesday to rapidly explore the state museum of archaeology in Leiden: the RMO (Ruksmuseum van Oudheden). It is a fabulous space and an exhilarating experience for any visitor. I made the controversial (to many colleagues and me) to not make a beeline for the early medieval section, but to instead explore the rest of the museum.

I’m inspired to write a series of posts about the mortuary archaeology in the museum.  European museums contain not only a range of human remains, but artefacts derived from mortuary contexts. For me, I still struggle with the ethics of these displays, not as much the ‘should they be on display’ as ‘are we ethically displaying these remains by honestly and clearly explaining the funerary contexts from whence they derived?’  The RMO is very good…

View original post 365 more words

New Publication – Western Ways

December 7, 2018

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HARN Member, Frederick Whitling, has informed us that his book ‘Western Ways. Foreign Schools in Rome and Athens’ has now been published with De Gruyter. Their synopsis reads:

In Western Ways, for the first time, the “foreign schools” in Rome and Athens, institutions dealing primarily with classical archaeology and art history, are discussed in historical terms as vehicles and figureheads of national scholarship. By emphasising the agency and role of individuals in relation to structures and tradition, the book shows how much may be gained by examining science and politics as two sides of the same coin. It sheds light on the scholarly organisation of foreign schools, and through them, on the organisation of classical archaeology and classical studies around the Mediterranean. With its breadth and depth of archival resources, Western Ways offers new perspectives on funding, national prestige and international collaboration in the world of scholarship, and places the foreign schools in a framework of nineteenth and twentieth century Italian and Greek history.

More information can be found here. Frederick has asked that anyone interested in reviewing this monograph contact him directly here, preferably with an indication of a likely journal or other publication where a potential review might be placed.

Book Review: Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator,

November 15, 2018

Lamb_cover (1)

Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator, by David W. J. Gill, published by Archaeopress, 2018. Paperback (₤30.00) and Ebook (₤16.00), 340pp.

Review by Caroline J. Tully.

Winifred Lamb (1894–1963) was an Aegean and Anatolian archaeologist, an academic, and keeper of Greek and Roman antiquities at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. In both her archaeological fieldwork and her museum curation Lamb was a pioneer. At a time when British women were not customarily engaged in archaeological fieldwork, Lamb excavated at Mycenae under Alan Wace, later becoming the deputy director. In subsequent years she would go on to excavations at Sparta and the mound of Vardaroftsa near Salonica, eventually directing her own excavations at Thermi on Lesbos, on Chios, and at Kusura in western Anatolia. Lamb was also involved in the development of the British Schools at Athens and Ankara.

As keeper of Greek and Roman antiquities at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Lamb filled a position usually given to men. She developed the classical holdings of the museum, and created a new Prehistoric Gallery in which were displayed finds from British work in the Aegean and on Cyprus. Lamb brought the Fitzwilliam’s collection to the attention of an international audience through her publications, particularly two volumes of the Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. As a result of her wealthy background, she contributed financially to the department, donated many objects to the collection, and encouraged her relatives and contacts to become benefactors.

Gill’s biography situates Lamb in the midst of many famous names from early twentieth century British, American and European archaeology in Greece, and later Anatolia. Alan Wace has already been mentioned, Lamb was also very friendly with John Beazley, she worked with Arthur Woodward, Piet de Jong, Robert Carr Bosanquet, Richard M. Dawkins, consulted Arthur Evans, Percy Gardner, knew Joan Evans, Carl Blegen, Richard Seager, Leonard Woolley, Wilhelm Dörpfeld, John L. Myres, A. B. Cook, Jane Ellen Harrison, James G. Frazer, Vere Gordon Childe, and even Andromache Melas, daughter of Heinrich Schliemann. As well as working amongst what, these days, are considered famous classicists, prehistorians and archaeologists, Lamb also frequented celebrity sites such as Mycenae, where she was assigned the palace, previously excavated by Christos Tsountas in 1886 and re-examined by Gerhart Rodenwaldt in 1914. She was responsible for study and publication of the frescoes, particularly those from the Ramp House which had been excavated by Schliemann in 1876 – surely an archaeological opportunity to be admired and envied.

The book begins with Chapter 1 focusing on the Lamb Family, new moneyed colliers and textile mill owners from the north-east of England and Manchester, and Winifred’s early years. In Chapter 2 the story moves to Cambridge University and the study of Classics, Newnham College, and the beginnings of Lamb’s archaeological fieldwork. Chapter 3 focuses on naval intelligence, looking at Winifred’s work for the Admiralty during the First World War, her assumption of the role of honorary keeper at the Fitzwilliam Museum, important bequests such as the Ricketts and Shannon Collection, and Lamb’s first visit to Greece. In Chapter 4 we hear about her first year in Athens, travels in Greece, and life at the British School. Chapter 5 focuses on prehistory and the Fitzwilliam Museum, examines Lamb’s work at the museum under the directorship of Sydney Cockerell, and the purchase of the controversial Fitzwilliam Goddess, an expensive Minoan marble figurine for the Fitzwilliam Museum that turned out to be a forgery. Chapter 6 focuses on Lamb’s archaeological excavations in Greece and her travels to Turkey. In Chapter 7 we return again to the Fitzwilliam Museum and the development of the classical collections, particularly Greek and Roman bronzes, Greek pottery, classical gems and jewellery, and Etruscan and Italian antiquities. Winifred travels to the Eastern Aegean, Lesbos and Chios in Chapter 8, and in Chapter 9 we hear about her early visits to Anatolia, excavation at Kusara, and research on Anatolian archaeology. Chapter 10 focuses on the period of the Second World War, the fall of Greece and Crete, Lamb’s work in Turkey and at the BBC, and her injury in a German air raid over north London. Chapter 11 concerns the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, Lamb’s continuing work at the Fitzwilliam Museum, her role as a benefactor, and her final years and legacy.      

Despite Lamb being involved in exciting archaeological activities, knowing famous scholars, and performing the creative activity of curatorship of interesting and often rare ancient artefacts, Lamb herself does not come across as an interesting subject. Winifred Lamb was obviously intelligent, she did important things, she was a pioneer, but in this biography – which makes copious use of her papers, diaries, letters, photograph albums, reports, and friend May Herford’s diaries – she fails to actually be interesting. The overall impression is of a character in an Enid Blyton story. Although Winifred did many pioneering and adventurous activities, the biography comes across as a story of “the mild adventures of an archaeology student.” This may be because Lamb was wealthy and privileged and therefore did not encounter any adversity that she needed to heroically overcome; however, other archaeologists, such as Arthur Evans, were wealthy. It may be because there is no interesting personal intrigue in the biography. Winifred seems to interact with everyone in a sensible and chaste manner, she does not seem to have deep thoughts, and everything works out well for her, so there is no stimulation of extreme emotional responses in the reader. 

Gill’s biography of Winifred Lamb provides us with everything one would want to know about her and more, but the question is: do we want to know it? Is Winifred Lamb worth knowing about? The answer is, yes, she deserves to be known, but she pales in comparison to other Modernists and their relationship with Hellenism – again, this may be because Winifred comes across as having played it safe. In fact, the most interesting aspects of the book are not about Winifred herself, but about antiquities, the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University, other archaeologists, and the British foreign schools. The book is therefore an important contribution to the histories of British archaeology in Greece and Anatolia, and of the Fitzwilliam Museum. It would certainly be a useful reference for researching the early history of British archaeology in Greece and Anatolia, but as a biography one would not read it for inspiration or pleasure. For someone as unremarkable as Winifred Lamb, it is an extremely long book. I cannot help comparing (possibly unfairly) Lamb’s story with that of Gertrude Bell – also wealthy and privileged – but whose life was characterised by utterly gob-smacking bravery and independence. One could also compare Lamb to Margaret A. Murray, whose legacy continues today in both archaeological and alternative religion circles. Winifred Lamb: Aegean Prehistorian and Museum Curator is an admirably and minutely researched work of biography but as a character, Winifred Lamb fails to intrigue this reviewer.